Dec 23 2006
All of us have wondered about Creation: how things really got started. Our scientists are constantly searching for answers. They have explored the material universe from subatomic particles to the distant nebulae. Living things are the greatest puzzle because no scientist has been able to make even the simplest unit of life in the laboratory.
The Bible starts with Creation: ‘In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth’ It does not tell us how things were created, but who created them. The reason should be obvious: even in our scientifically advanced age the intricacies of Creation are too complex to understand. We have limited understanding of many creative processes which could throw some light on Creation itself.
My attempt in this section is to help you to follow the Creation acts of God as described in Genesis. There has been much confusion about what exactly God created in six days, and when he created them.
I do not subscribe to evolutionary interpretations because I find that evolution is totally false. I take the Bible literally which means the Six Day Creation took place in six consecutive days a few thousand years ago. All life, past and present, were created in this time span. However, I have found that the Bible does not attempt to describe the creation of the Universe and fix a time for it. These conclusions may be startling to some of my readers accustomed to hearing about a young universe. But I shall show that both the Bible and Science would lead to the conclusion I have reached from many years of study.
In this section on Creation Mysteries I shall focus on the Six Day Creation and other Creation Events described or mentioned later in the Bible. The next section, Flood Mysteries, would cover evidence for a universal flood some 5,000 years ago, the massive death of animals, burial of trees, and the formation of fossils. Evolution’s false interpretation of fossils will be exposed. You will also be able to understand many mysteries of the past and the peculiarities of the earth we live on.
Your outlook on Creation would be dramatically changed after you study this section. You will be glad you did this study.
Why Study Genesis?
Genesis means Origin. It makes sense to study Genesis, the opening book of the Bible, if we are interested in origins. Our scientists often think that they can understand origins bit by bit by prolonged study. Unfortunately, most scientists have been trapped in the camp of evolutionists, so their thinking and reasoning processes have been colored by evolutionary assumptions. I have concluded that evolution would never lead to a proper understanding of origins. The reason is, evolution assumes an automatic progression from the simple to the complex. Our own scientists know that to make anything complex they need to plan and design and control the factors that govern the formation of the complex items. Any reasonable person should conclude that the complexity of life and the vastness of the universe demand a super-intelligent and all-powerful Creator whom we call God. Genesis starts with this God, and it then becomes easy to understand how all complex forms of life can appear in six literal days.
The study of Genesis is indispensable for anyone who would like to explore the past. Genesis is the only book that satisfactorily covers the story of the earth and of mankind. The so-called Creation Myths of many ancient cultures have truth mixed with fantasy to the point we cannot separate the two. They, however, have some similarities with the Genesis account of Creation and could be valuable on occasions. Without much further comments, let us move on to the Creation Story of Genesis.
The Genesis Account of Creation
The Genesis account of Creation is found in the opening chapters of the Bible, chapters 1 and 2. Genesis 1 may be considered a summary account, while Genesis 2 elaborates specific creation acts. These are not two disconnected creation accounts as some liberal interpreters insist.
Genesis 1 contains 31 verses, and Genesis 2 contains 25 verses. Some problems arise regarding chapters and verses. The original Bible manuscripts do not have chapter and verse division. These were added many centuries later. So, how do we know where the first creation account ends and the second begins?
There is a problem related to translations. Take, for example, the English translations. If you read the creation account in different translations, they are not identical. This is to be expected because the English language changes all the time in usage. The language of the King James Version (1611 AD) has archaic words that are not in current usage. The translators try to use modern usage. However, that is not the only reason for new versions. The original Hebrew and Greek (also Aramaic) languages used are not always well understood, and more studies reveal newer and better renditions. The availability of newer manuscripts by accidental discoveries is yet another reason for revision. Thus, when the King James Version was made, they had to rely on the available manuscripts such as the Latin Vulgate (a fourth century translation to Latin from the original tongues) and later manuscripts in the original tongues, Hebrew (10th cent) and Greek (5th cent.). More ancient manuscripts such as the Codex Sinaiticus (4th century Greek translation) and the Dead Sea Scrolls (Hebrew manuscripts of 1st century) became available more recently which led to further translations and versions as we have today.
When it comes to the Genesis account of Creation, the translators have taken some freedom in certain key verses. On top of that, the chapter divisions made much later have caused some confusion.
Genesis One Creation account is frequently called the Six Day Creation because the Creation Acts took place in six days.
The Six Day Creation: Highlights
According to Genesis One, the main events of the Six Day Creation are:
In Genesis Two, the creation of man and woman (Adam and Eve) is the main theme. We shall go into it later.
The Six Day Creation: Questions
There are some puzzling and legitimate questions regarding the Six Day Creation. These are summarized below:
1. Are the Creation Days literal 24 hour days? Scientists (evolution influenced) tell us that all life is very ancient, and each type of living things appeared after millions of years after the previous one had appeared. How could all life appear in such short time?
2. How does one explain the Light of the first day of Creation when we are told the sun and the moon and the stars appeared only on the fourth Creation Day?
3. The stars are known to be many, many light years away, which also mean that when they appeared, their light had to reach the earth instantly, not after many, many years, even millions and billions of years.
4. The earth appears to be a few billion years old by scientific dating methods, so why does Genesis imply it is only six to seven thousand years old?
5. Dating of fossils (by evolutionary methods) show that ancient life spanned some 600 million years, but Genesis implies that no fossil should be dated more than six or seven thousand years. Does Genesis preclude `prehistoric life’ ?
Questions on the Opening verses
Equally puzzling questions can be asked about the first two verses of Genesis. I shall present the King James Version (KJV) of Gen. 1:1,2:
Valid questions such as the following are legitimate:
1. What does ‘In the beginning’ mean? Does it mean the beginning of the Six Day Creation? If so, it would appear that heaven and earth were first created, so what remained to be created in the six days? Just Life?
1. Verse 2 says the earth was formless and void and there was darkness over the face of the deep (the ocean). Furthermore, the Spirit of God was moving over the waters (of the deep). Does this mean that before the Six Day Creation the Earth was there, but was covered with water and darkness? It would appear logical because the first three days of creation removes the darkness, the waters and dry land appears. What does it mean by ‘formless and void’ in referring to the earth? If ‘void’ means empty, it makes senses because the earth was filled with life later. But what does ‘formless’ mean?
So the opening verses pose difficulty in the light of the creation acts of the six days.
Popular Views on the Six Day Creation
1. The Fundamentalist View
The fundamentalist view is that the Genesis account is literal and the world came into being in six literal days about six thousand years ago (as deduced from biblical chronology). They further assert that the whole universe came into being ‘out of nothing’ (creatio ex nihilo).
2. The Progressive Creation View
This view holds that the creation days are literal, but there were huge time spans in between the days during which gradual changes happened. Evolution is not accepted, though. God simply chose to step in after prolonged periods to create the next set of life forms etc., in a literal day.
3. The Gap Theory
This holds the view that God made an original earth with life including prehistoric creatures such as the dinosaurs in the remote past. Lucifer, the exalted angel, ruled the earth. When Lucifer sinned, God destroyed the earth which accounts for the ‘chaos’ alluded in Gen. (1:2) by the phrase, ‘formless and void’. Then in recent times, God recreated the earth with life as we see now. Isa. 14:12-15 and Ezek. 28:13-15 are quoted in support.
4. Theistic Evolution
As mentioned before, this view holds that God used the method of evolution to ‘create’ life over millions of years. The order of creation is somewhat the order of evolution (this is not strictly true). The American Scientific Affiliation of Christians promotes this view.
Critique of the Popular Views
All the above views except the fundamentalist view, accept the antiquity of the earth and life itself, thereby avoiding a direct confrontation with evolution. These views have to be rejected in the light of the best evidence of science alone. There is no proof that the so-called prehistoric life spanned millions of years. Direct radiocarbon dating has been possible on fossils which show the life forms were only several thousand years old (see later). The millions of years you hear have been arrived at by layer dating. If a fossil is found in a certain layer of the sedimentary rocks, the age ascribed to that layer is given to the fossil. This method is totally erroneous because the very assumption that the layers were deposited gradually along with the prevalent life forms is wrong. Creationists have shown that the sedimentary layers of the earth have been formed over a very short period of time during a mighty earth event known as the Flood. We shall examine the Flood in detail later. The Flood was universal, and occurred some 5,000 years ago. All ‘prehistoric life’ should be called ‘antediluvian life’. There is no need to accept the long ages proposed for the appearance of life. The only remaining position appears to be the fundamentalist position. But is that true?
The fundamentalist position suffers from misinterpretation of the Genesis account and the rejection of the best scientific evidence. This may surprise many people because they profess to be scientifically minded and at the same time literal interpreters of the Bible. My study has shown that the best interpretation of Genesis and the best evidence of Science agree on one fact: all life is recent, but the heavens and the earth as popularly understood are very ancient.
Creatio ex nihilo (creation out of nothing) argument has to be rejected because the Hebrew word used for ‘created’ (bara) in Gen. 1:1 does not always carry that meaning. In fact, when referring to this verse in other biblical passages, the word ‘made’ (asah) is used such as ‘God made heaven and earth’ and the word asah is used to imply forming out of pre-existent material. We shall see below that the Six Day Creation was limited to the creation of inhabitable land, atmosphere and all living things. I call it Special Creation.
The Six Days of Creation are Literal Days Without Gaps
The Hebrew words used for ‘day’ (yom) and ‘days'(yamim) in Genesis One leave no room for a liberal stretching of the duration of the day. Words such as the first day, the second day are always used in the Bible to signify literal days. Also, when it says one day, two days, six days etc., it always means literal days. Third, the usage, ‘evening and the morning’ is always used for 12 hour periods. If they represented long periods, no life would survive with long periods of light followed by long periods of darkness. Earth’s temperature would be unbearably hot or cold. Fourth, the Creation days are compared on a one to one basis in Exodus 20:9-11 where it says, ‘Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy….for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day.’. Fifth, Adam was created on the sixth day, and died 930 years later (Gen. 5:5) which does not allow any room for long time spans. Six, all life is interdependent. They had to appear in a short time to survive for mutual survival.
Analysis of the Opening Verses (Gen.1:1-2)
The key to interpreting the Genesis account of creation is the proper understanding of the opening verses and some key words found in the Creation account.
For starters, I shall point out that not all English Bibles render the first verse as a complete sentence. The Hebrew manuscript of Genesis also is not in favor of a complete sentence for the first verse. Let us look at some of the English versions that deviate from the traditional rendering:
The New English Bible, NEB (Oxford), 1970:
In the beginning of creation, when God made heaven and earth, the earth was without form and void, with darkness over the face of the abyss, and a mighty wind that swept over the surface of the waters
The New American Bible, NAB , 1971:
In the beginning, when God created the heavens and the earth, the earth was a formless wasteland, and darkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept over the earth
The New Revised Standard Bible, NRSV, 1989
In the beginning when God created the heavens and the earth, the earth was a formless void and darkness covered the face of the deep, while a wind from God swept swept over the face of the waters
The Torah,1962 (The Jewish Publication Society of America)
When God began to create the heaven and the earth – the earth being unformed and void, with darkness over the surface of the deep and a wind from God sweeping over the water –
Why did these versions change from a complete sentence to a dependent clause for Gen. 1:1? Because the Hebrew of the opening verses allows such a rendering. The opening words of the Hebrew Bible are: Beresit Bara Elohim which is rendered in most versions as Beginning Created God, or In the Beginning God Created. However, Bible scholars point out that Beresit is translated ‘In/At (the) beginning of’ in all the other contexts in the Old Testament. Most Bible translators prefer a complete sentence for the opening verse. This practice continues to this day.
There are some serious implications when we render the first verse as a dependent clause. First, it appears that in the beginning of Creation, that is, the Six Day Creation, there was Earth which was unformed; there was water covering the earth. There was no land mass because it was all submerged in water. There was also darkness surrounding the waters. This gives us the impression of a primitive planet earth submerged in water and enveloped in darkness. Second, God caused a mighty wind to blow on the face of the waters. The word rendered wind in Hebrew is ruach which may also be rendered spirit. Most translators chose ‘spirit’ and capitalized it as ‘Spirit’ meaning the Holy Spirit.
I shall show later that ‘wind’ is a more fitting rendering than ‘spirit’ in the context. Why? Because the events of the Six Day Creation are mighty physical events. God caused the mighty wind to blow away the darkness (caused by dark vapors). Some might argue the darkness was due to the absence of light. This is true, but contrary to popular belief, the sources of light were all there! I mean to say that the sun and the moon and the stars were all in existence before the Six Day Creation, but their light could not reach the earth due to the dark vapors and the waters. It is in this context God commands, ‘Let there be light!’ For the first time, sun rays penetrated the dark vapors, and light was admitted, nor created. It was possible from that time onwards to differentiate between day time and night time as the earth turned on its axis. Without light, such differentiation would not be possible even when the earth was turning on its axis.
Two Keys to Unlock the Creation Mystery
God provided the keys to understand the Creation story in Genesis One, but the Bible readers including the scholars have missed it. No wonder they are coming up with all sorts of fanciful explanations. What are these keys?
In Gen. 1:8 God defined what He meant by the word heaven. In Gen. 1:10 He defined the word earth. Let us look at these definitions God gave us:
- Gen. 1:8: "God called the firmament heaven" (KJV)
Gen. 1:10: "God called the dry land earth"
So what is ‘heaven’ in Genesis? It is not the universe; it is not Space. It is simply the expanse, or the dome we see stretched out where the heavenly bodies appear. This expanse or firmament is like a vault, but is an illusion. In popular language the word ‘sky’ would be an adequate word. But we read later that the birds flew in the firmament of heaven, hence we can extend the meaning of ‘heaven’ to the ‘atmosphere’ which is filled with air.
The word ‘earth’ is even more fascinating. It is not Planet Earth that is meant here. This is the biggest mistake that Bible interpreters make. ‘Earth’ in the Bible is ‘land’ from Genesis to Revelation, and occasionally it also means ‘people of the earth’ as in Gen. 10:25 (we shall examine this verse in the FLOOD section). The ancient people had no word for Planet Earth. They used a combination of words such as, ‘the earth, sea and all that are therein’ a usage we find in the Bible frequently. Since land is flat, we might say the earth is flat according to the Bible. This is no laughing matter.
With this understanding we shall go back to Gen. 1:1-2. "In the beginning…God created the heavens and the earth" The creation of the heaven (firmament) and the creation of the earth (land) are the creation acts of Day 2 and Day 3. So the opening verse of Genesis simply refer to the creation acts that were to follow. Gen. 1:2 is very interesting: it says the earth was formless. This makes sense because as long as land was under water, there was no earth! The earth appeared only on the third day.
The Six Day Creation Explained
Now it is a fairly easy job to explain the Six Day Creation. The basic assumptions are: (1) the universe was already there with all the heavenly bodies.(2) Planet earth was rotating and revolving around the sun just as it is today. But the land mass was submerged in water, and there was a dark envelope over it.
Day 1: The first Creation act was the admission of light (not the creation of light). The light that hit the earth was sunlight! But the sun was not visible because the atmosphere was overcast and still very cloudy. It is possible that the darkness was due to a heavy and thick envelope of water vapor (or frozen ice), but it is also possible that hydrocarboniferous vapors released from the earth’s interior during its formation was also responsible. God did not create Planet Earth just before the Six day Creation. Planet earth could be a few billion years old.
Day 2: In order to create land on the third day, God had to remove the waters surrounding the land mass. We can assume geological activities that released much heat, causing the waters to boil and evaporate, creating the ‘waters above the firmament’. A primitive sky was formed with much rain clouds hanging from it. I do not believe there was a water vapor canopy around the earth from this time onwards. If there was one, it had to be extremely thin, because to see the sun and the moon and the faint stars, the sky had to be clear by the fourth day.
Day 3: God caused the land masses to rise and this caused the waters to recede into one large ocean around it. The earth’s crust is a shell of rock, and land masses are granite ‘blocks’ imbedded in the basaltic rocks beneath. The usage, ‘Let the waters gather to one place’ indicates there was only one ocean. In other words, all the fragmented land masses joined together into a single land lass, forming a Supercontinent. This was the Good Earth God had created. More of it will be discussed later. We shall also see how and when the present continents were formed. The earth (land) was wet, so God created only Plant life. How God made these plants is not told, but God could have placed the seeds in the soil and let them grow in an instant at His command.
Day 4: The sun and the moon and the stars appeared in the sky. They were not created on the fourth day. ‘Made to appear’ is the correct rendering, not ‘created’. Until the fourth day, the sky was very overcast, but the continuing action of the wind cleared the sky so much that even the faint stars could be seen. These stars were there for millions and even billions of years ago, and the fact that their light reached on the fourth day alone testifies to the fact that they were in existence for a very long time. It takes millions and even billions of years for light to reach the earth from the distant stars.
Day 5: Now the ocean and the atmosphere were both clean and filled with breathing air, so oceanic life and aerial life could be introduced. As in the case of the plants, these life forms were not necessarily formed out of nothing, but could have been born from the eggs and embryos God had first created and planted in the waters and on the ground.
Day 6: Land animals, reptiles and finally man were created. The earth was dry enough by the sixth day. Again, God could have first formed the embryos which grew ups into adult forms in the span of a day. Man’s creation is given more coverage in Genesis 2 which we shall examine below.
We see the biblical phrase, ‘after its kind’ used each time a major branch of living things is introduced. In modern terminology, the word ‘Species’ would be appropriate. Evolution has never shown that one species would transform to another. All scientific evidence suggests that such major jumps are impossible. We do see minor variations within a species, and evolutionists make the assumption that given millions of years, one species would convert to another. We shall see later that the fossil showcase does not warrant anyone to make that assumption.
The Creation Acts may be considered the ‘Opening Ceremony’ conducted by the Creator. Everything had been meticulously planned so that when God gave the command things would appear almost instantly. This would be like the Chairman of an automobile company pressing a button when a finished car would appear. We know that behind this feat was an assembly line, a blue print and expert labor. God would not have done the Creation Acts any other way. They demonstrate His wisdom and power.
The Creation story properly ends halfway in Gen. 2:4 (in the popular Bibles) not with Gen 1:31. The chapter and verse divisions appeared in the Bibles much later and there are errors in the division. Thus, the proper ending would be: "This is the story of the making of heaven and earth when they were created".(NEB)
The Psalmist exalted God’s creation frequently. Psalm 19 is one example "The heavens declare the glory of God…"
The Second Creation Account
The so-called Second Creation Story begins in the middle of Gen. 2:4 in most Bibles, but begins with verse 5 as a new section in the Bibles which rendered Gen. 1:1 as a dependent clause. In my view this division is the more logical one.
The New English Bible starts this second account similar to the first Creation account, starting with ‘When the LORD God made earth and heaven…’ Notice two differences: God here is qualified by LORD. In truth, the word LORD is a substitution for the personal name of God which was never to be pronounced, being too holy. The English letters corresponding to the personal name in Hebrew are YHWH with no vowels. Scholars now think the pronunciation would be somewhat like ‘Yahweh’, not as ‘Jehovah’ as rendered in the Revised Version (1885; equivalent American Version, 1901) and in the Jerusalem Bible (also some other Bibles). The Jewish people substituted YHWH with the word ‘Adonai’ which means ‘Lord’ which is the basis for the LORD usage. ‘LORD God’ would be ‘Yahweh Elohim’ in Hebrew. The second difference is that instead of ‘heaven and earth’ we see ‘earth and heaven’.
There is a reason for these changes. The Creator God is now introduced as a personal God who is going to be involved with the affairs in earth because mankind was to be inhabiting the earth, and man was created in God’s image. The second Creation account therefore focuses on mankind and their environment.
Was There Rain Before the Flood?
We read that before man was created on the earth there was no rain, and the ground was kept wet by streams. This refers to the condition of the earth from the third Creation day to the sixth. Many Creationists assume there was no rain on earth before the great Flood for ten long generations from Adam to Noah. This is another misunderstanding of the Creation story. Adam and Eve and all mankind got rain which was necessary for the growth of vegetation and for the rivers to flow. But there were no rainstorms, for God had controlled the weather. This was why the wicked people could not believe there would be a deluge and heavy rain. There was no rainbow because heavy rain clouds were never formed before the Flood. During the Flood the atmosphere was all dark and violent. God waited after the Flood to give mankind the rainbow, a sign of God’s Promise.
Where Was the Garden of Eden?
People have tried to locate the Garden of Eden based on the references to the four branches flowing out a river from Eden, two of which are Euphrates and Tigris. There are two rivers by these names in Mesopotamia (‘the land between the rivers’) flowing out of the region of Mt. Ararat in eastern Turkey. There are no other major rivers flowing out of this mountainous region. The other two rivers, Pishon and Gihon are not known by their names today, but they are described as flowing through or around the lands of Havilah and Cush (later on identified with Ethiopia). Some scholars think that instead of branching out, these rivers joined the main river flowing from Eden, and they think the meeting place was somewhere on the mouth of the Persian Gulf where there is evidence of some dried out riverbeds.
My own belief is that the rivers mentioned are not the same rivers known by the same name today. The original river system with the tributaries was destroyed in the Flood. The survivors of the Flood named the major rivers near Ararat (where the Ark landed) using the pre-Flood names. More on this will be said later when we discuss the Flood.
The Creation of Man and Woman
Man is distinct from all other living things; he is the most advanced of all Creation; furthermore, he shares divine attributes of thinking, reasoning, judging and so on. This why it is said man was created in the image of God (Gen.1:27).
We know Adam was created on the Sixth Creation Day. When was Eve created? God let Adam feel lonely for a while, and it was after that he formed Eve out of his rib. Man was formed from the dust of the earth, that is from the elements of the earth. Yet, he was not made to die, but live eternally. God had made the body wonderfully with the ability to grow and adapt, heal and rejuvenate. Perhaps Eve was created some time later, well past the seventh day. But since Eve was taken out of Adam, the blessing God gave to Adam applied to her also. Gen. 5:2 says they were both called Adam when they were created for the same reason.
The exalted status of man in God’s creation is the main subject of Psalm 8 by David. Shakespeare’s Hamlet wondered, ‘What a piece of work is man! In my Creation Alternative (see BOOKS), I have the last chapter devoted to man, ‘Fearfully and Wonderfully Made’ (title borrowed from Psalm 139:14).
We shall not go further into the story of mankind described in Gen. 3 where the Fall of mankind is described and the subsequent curse that fell on all creatures and the earth itself. We know that as a result of the Fall, evil things began to appear on earth, and rapidly multiplied until it resulted in the massive judgment of God by a universal Flood.
The Ancestry of Man
You have seen evolutionary charts of the ancestors of man starting with the apes or ape-like creatures about 60 million years ago, with modern man, homo sapiens, appearing more than one or two million years ago. The question is, how does Adam and Eve fit into this scheme? The biblical record shows they were the first created human beings who had no ape-like ancestors, and God created them only several thousand years ago. I shall show what tricks evolutionists have been playing with human ancestry when I discuss the fossil evidence.
How Old Is The Earth?
The answer very much depends on what you mean by earth. If it is land mass, I would say, it is only a few thousand years old as Genesis would indicate. If you consider earth to be Planet Earth, I would say tit is very old, and could be a few billion years old as the scientists say. This is where I disagree with the fundamentalists who assert Planet Earth and the Universe are very young. My answer is, the Bible does not say that. I have shown biblical proof for it. To support their assertion, they have to assume all sorts of unreasonable things: the speed of light was almost infinite at the beginning and has been slowing down ever since. Also, they assume that God gave an appearance of old age to much of His Creation which would ‘account for’ the antiquity of Planet Earth. All I can say is that they are in violation of God’s explicit revelation of what earth really is. I shall later discuss radiometric and other types of dating of rocks (see Flood Mysteries Section).
Note on Biblical Days
Just as God defined ‘earth’ and ‘heaven’ in Genesis One, He also defined ‘day’, see Gen.1:5, God called the light "day". Throughout the Bible, ‘day’ represents only ‘daytime’ and not the 24 hour ‘day’ in popular usage. God’s creation acts took place only in ‘daytime’.
The usage, ‘evening and the morning was the – – day’ after each Creation Day has been misunderstood Another rendering, more accurate, is ‘evening came, morning (came), the – – day’. What it simply means is that the daytime ended with the evening, followed by night which ended with (just before) the next morning. I may add that the terms ‘evening’ and ‘morning’ may mean ‘dusk’ and ‘dawn’ respectively. The daytime was divided into 12 equal parts which included the dawn and the dusk. The length of the day varied according to the time of the year and the geographical location, so the ‘hour’ also varied in length, not fixed like the ‘hour’ we use. Our usage of ‘day’ as 24 hour period is not biblical, but secular.
The biblical ‘day’ did not start at sunset and end at sunset as popularly believed. It started at dawn and ended after twilight (‘evening’). So the Sabbath does not start Friday evening; it starts Saturday morning and ends Saturday evening. The ‘sunset to sunset day’ came from Babylonian reckoning.
By the way, the names of the week we use currently are after pagan gods or after the planets, which is a shame. The names of the months also recall pagan gods or zodiac signs. Even the English world ‘God’ has a pagan origin. The Bible uses ‘Elohim’ and ‘Yahweh’, the latter being the Personal name. We should have kept these names in our Bibles.
(For more information on the ‘Day’, please refer to www.icyahweh.org)